Our Military ... Did you know?
Of the 2,932,400 total military personnel,
49.7% are Reservists!
|President||President Donald Trump|
|Federal department heads|| Secretary James Mattis(DoD)
Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen(DHS)
Secretary Alex Azar (HHS)
Secretary Wilbur Ross(DOC)
|Military age||17–45 years old at joining|
|72,715,332 males, age 18–49 (2008 est.),
71,638,785 females, age 18–49 (2008 est.)
|59,413,358 males, age 18–49 (2008 est.),
59,187,183 females, age 18–49 (2008 est.)
|2,186,440 males (2008 est.),
2,079,688 females (2008 est.)
United States Department of Defense (DoD)
- United States Army (USA): 14 June 1775
- United States Marine Corps (USMC): 10 November 1775
- United States Navy (USN): 13 October 1775
- United States Air Force (USAF): 18 September 1947
The order of precedence within the U.S. Department of Defense is set by DOD Directive 1005.8 and is not dependent on the date of creation by the U.S. Congress.
The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces. In 2017, the projected end strength for the Regular Army (USA) was 476,000 soldiers; the Army National Guard (ARNG) had 343,000 soldiers and the United States Army Reserve (USAR) had 199,000 soldiers; the combined-component strength of the U.S. Army was 1,018,000 soldiers.
The United States Marine Corps (USMC), also referred to as the United States Marines, is responsible for conducting amphibious operations with the United States Navy. As of 2017, the USMC has around 186,000 active duty members and some 38,500 reserve Marines. It is the smallest U.S. military service within the DoD.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces. With 319,421 personnel on active duty and 99,616 in the Ready Reserve, the Navy is the third largest of the service branches. It has 282 deployable combat vessels and more than 3,700 operational aircraft as of March 2018.
The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial and space warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces. As of 2017, the Air Force operates more than 5,369 military aircraft, 406 ICBMs and 170 military satellites. It has a $161 billion budget and is the second largest service branch, with 318,415 active duty personnel,140,169 civilian personnel, 69,200 Air Force Reserve personnel, and 105,700 Air National Guard personnel.
United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS)
- United States Coast Guard (USCG): 4 August 1790
The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is a maritime, military, multi-mission service unique among the U.S. military branches for having a maritime law enforcement mission (with jurisdiction in both domestic and international waters) and a federal regulatory agency mission as part of its mission set. It operates under the U.S. Department of Homeland Security during peacetime, and can be transferred to the U.S. Department of the Navy by the U.S. President at any time, or by the U.S. Congress during times of war. This has happened twice, in 1917, during World War I, and in 1941, during World War II.
The Coast Guard has 40,992 men and women on active duty, 7,000 reservists, 31,000 auxiliarists, and 8,577 full-time civilian employees, for a total workforce of 87,569. The Coast Guard maintains an extensive fleet of 243 coastal and ocean-going patrol ships, tenders, tugs and icebreakers called "Cutters", and 1650 smaller boats.
United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)
- United States Public Health Service Commissioned Corps(PHSCC): 4 January 1889
- The Corps is headed by the Surgeon General of the United States.
United States Department of Commerce (DOC)
- National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Officer Corps (NOAA Corps): 22 May 1917.
The NOAA Corps was created as the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey Corps, a component of the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey, on 22 May 1917. It was removed from the Coast and Geodetic Survey and became a component of the Environmental Science Services Administration (ESSA) as the United States Environmental Science Services Administration Commissioned Corps (ESSA Corps) upon the establishment of ESSA on 13 July 1965. The ESSA Corps became the NOAA Corps as a component of NOAA when ESSA was abolished and NOAA simultaneously was created on 3 October 1970. Under all three names, the Corps has been an element of the Department of Commerce throughout its existence.
The seven uniformed services are defined by :
The term "uniformed services" means—
(A) the armed forces;
(B) the commissioned corps of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; and
(C) the commissioned corps of the Public Health Service.
The five uniformed services that make up the United States Armed Forces are defined in the previous clause :
The term "armed forces" means the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard.
U.S. Armed Forces
Five of the uniformed services make up the U.S. Armed Forces, four of which are within the U.S. Department of Defense. The Coast Guard is part of the Department of Homeland Security and has both military and law enforcement duties. Title 14 states that the Coast Guard is part of the armed forces at all times, making it the only branch of the military outside the Department of Defense. During a declared state of war, however, the President or Congress may direct that the Coast Guard operate as part of the Department of the Navy. The U.S. Public Health Service Commissioned Corps, along with the NOAA Commissioned Corps, operate under military rules with the exception of the applicability of the Uniform Code of Military Justice, to which they are subject only when militarized by executive order or while detailed to any component of the armed forces.
Reserve components of the United States Armed Forces are all members of the military who serve in a reserve capacity. The National Guard is an additional reserve military component of the Army and Air Force, respectively, and is composed of National Guard units, which operate under Title 32 and under state authority as the Army National Guard and Air National Guard. The militia that later became the National Guard was first formed in the Colony of Virginia in 1607 and is the oldest uniformed military force founded in the New World. The National Guard can also be mobilized by the President to operate under Federal authority through Title 10. When acting under federal direction, the National Guard is managed by the National Guard Bureau, which is a joint Army and Air Force activity under the Department of Defense, with a 4-star general from the Army or Air Force appointed as its top leader. However, in Federal service command and control of National Guard organizations will fall under the designated Geographic or Functional Combatant Commander. The National Guard of the United States serves as a reserve component for both the Army and the Air Force and can be called up for federal active duty in times of war or national emergencies.